Monday, August 26, 2019

NGOs are an effective force in processes of conflict resolution and Essay - 1

NGOs are an effective force in processes of conflict resolution and healing. Discuss using examples - Essay Example Types of NGOs In modern times, there has been the emergence of Non-governmental organizations also known as NGOs and these have played numerous roles in this modern society. This is especially with the registration and recognition, as well as integration of NGOs into the United Nations to assist in provision of services to marginalised areas and even serve the needs of minority groups (Crowe p.1796). Some of the roles that are played by NGOs include; provision of humanitarian services that would otherwise not be available to certain parts of the human population. In addition, provision of a platform for the population to air its grievances to the rest of the world and even leaders, and serve as a bridge between the rest of the world and local communities in which these NGOs work from and within. Because of this, there are different types and forms of NGOs that serve different purposes and in different localities for various populations. As such, based on the definition of NGOs as non-profit organi zation, they can be categorized into community-based organizations, which are small intimate organization that are run exclusively by members and based out of locally available resources. Another type of NGO is the intermediary NGO that involves the use of paid staff to provide social services to individuals and other organization, while there is another type, which is the intermediary NGO focussing on policy and advocacy which reflect the needs of both local communities and other NGOs, as well as organizations (Nesbit p.9). The last type of NGO is the one that deals in international relief and development, and consists of professional staff and is found in many countries through branches and chapters. Humanitarian Efforts With the above information, it simple to come up with different roles of NGOs as these categorizations spell out what each organization does and at what level. Consequently, in conflict resolution and healing, NGOs roles can be explained and illustrated following their structure. The first way in which NGOs are an effective force in the process of conflict resolution and healing is following their humanitarian services provision to populations that need them. With this in mind, the key role is the healing process and not on conflict resolution, although from a different perspective this is achieved. By providing humanitarian services such as medical supplies and health services, where those that are affected or affected communities are served with services that eliminate human suffering in both warring camps of communities in conflict. As such, the first category of NGOs is well versed in this by being the immediate source of these humanitarian services where th ey use only what they have to provide for their own people and even others form the camps in conflict. Through this, the warring population is brought together by human suffering especially concerning diseases and injuries, as well as wounds to make peace and cooperate for their own wellbeing (Clapham p.522). This is evident in cases of Sierra Leone, where community based NGOs came together and served to mitigate the effects or outcomes of the conflict in the country. This was through providing medical services to the wounded and even reusing service to those that came later until an amicable agreement was reached to

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